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Investing in ESG: A Beginner’s Guide

By August 15, 2023August 17th, 2023No Comments
Investing in ESG

ESG is no longer a new topic in the investment world as many investors are already optimizing their portfolios with ESG-focused companies. ESG serves as a modern vital framework that empowers investors to make well-informed investment decisions that are not solely focused on financial returns but also align with their ethical and values-driven principles.

By incorporating ESG factors into their decision-making process, investors can holistically evaluate companies based on their environmental impact, social responsibility, and governance practices. However, there remains some unfamiliarity among investors regarding the actual concept of ESG.

What does ESG stand for?

ESG stands for Environment, Social, and Governance. The term itself represents several criteria that investors use to assess the sustainability and ethical impact of an investment in a business. In other words, it measures how a company impacts the environment, social issues, and the governance of its own standards.

What is ESG?

ESG is a set of standard criteria for measuring a company’s sustainable and ethical performance. By evaluating a company’s business practices, ESG can generate value for stakeholders. ESG factors affect the long-term financial performance of companies and the sustainability of the environment, community, and society where they operate. Environmental factors affect the conservation of the natural world, social factors examine how a company treats people inside and outside the company, and governance factors consider how a company is run. Here are some examples within each category:



  • Employee gender and diversity
  • Data security
  • Customer satisfaction
  • Company sexual harassment policies
  • Human rights, at home and abroad


  • Diversity of board members
  • Political contributions
  • Executive pay
  • Large-scale lawsuits
  • Internal corruption
  • Lobbying

Where did ESG Come from?

ESG evolved from the 1960s socially-responsible investment (SRI) movement. The SRI movement urged investors to apply moral and ethical principles to their investment decisions, not just financial metrics. ESG provided a framework for investors to assess the environmental and social impact of their investments. In recent years, ESG has gained popularity as investors increasingly seek socially responsible investments. According to the U.S. SIF Foundation’s 2022 Sustainable Investing Overview, there is $8.4 trillion in sustainable investing assets.

How Is ESG Investing Different from Sustainable Investing?

ESG and sustainability are closely related. ESG investing screens companies based on criteria related to being pro-social, environmentally friendly, and with good corporate governance. Together, these features can lead to increased sustainability. ESG, therefore, looks at how a company’s management and stakeholders make decisions; sustainability considers the impact of those decisions on the world.

What Does ESG Mean for a Business?

Adopting ESG principles means that corporate strategy focuses on the three pillars: environment, social, and governance. This means taking measures to reduce pollution, CO2 output, and waste. It also means having a diverse and inclusive workforce from entry-level employees to the Board of Directors. ESG may be costly and time-consuming to undertake, but it can also be rewarding well into the future for those that carry it through. Companies prioritizing ESG principles and integrating them into their operations gain notable advantages. By embracing sustainable practices and demonstrating a commitment to social and environmental causes, these companies foster stronger relationships with various stakeholders, including customers, employees, communities, and regulators. ESG standards can enhance companies’ brand reputation, attract top talent, mitigate risks, and ultimately increase their long-term value.

Frameworks for Measuring ESG

There are several ways to measure and evaluate ESG criteria. The most common way is using the ESG rating system where each company is assigned a score based on its environmental, social, and governance performance. An increasing number of organizations and agencies are supplying ESG ratings, including MSCI, Sustainalytics, and Bloomberg. Another framework is the UN-supported Principles for Responsible Investment, which provides a guidelines-based approach for integrating ESG factors into investment decision-making.

Organizations recognize the need for robust metrics and frameworks to assess their ESG performance and track their progress toward sustainability goals. This measurement provides transparency to stakeholders and enables companies to identify areas for improvement, drive innovation, and align their strategies with evolving ESG standards and regulations.

Why is ESG Important?

As the significance of ESG deepens and becomes more embedded in the fabric of the business world, the importance of measuring sustainability performance continues to grow. ESG offers several benefits to both investors and companies. Ideally, it helps investors identify investment opportunities that generate positive social, environmental, and governance outcomes while delivering solid financial returns. And for businesses, it can lessen the risk of negative publicity, operational inefficiencies, loss of customer trust, and legal or regulatory consequences.

As investors increasingly recognize the value of ESG, they are aligning their investments with their values and driving positive change in the business world. Looking ahead, the integration of ESG into the business landscape is set to accelerate even further. Implementing comprehensive ESG practices will no longer be seen as an optional requirement, but fundamental for sustainable and responsible business conduct. The future will demand rigorous ESG performance measurements and disclosures to foster accountability, facilitate comparability, and guide strategic decision-making. For the businesses themselves, embracing ESG as a core pillar of business operations will enable organizations to navigate future challenges, drive positive change, and contribute to a more sustainable and inclusive global economy.

To learn more about how Dalrada is a sound ESG investment or to contact us, please visit our corporate Investor Connection today.

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